word of inference; Occurs only here and 1 Thessalonians 4:8. In seeking to define more closely the "we receiving," let us remember the threefold meaning of the term "kingdom." Shortly afterwards, God established His mediatorial kingdom, Abel being its first subject. For our God is a consuming fire.” A brief analysis of these verses reveals the following weighty points. To whom much is given of them much shall be required. Because we receive a kingdom. Those who belong to the former own not God; those who pertain to the latter, profess subjection to Him. ", "Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe.". The throne on which Solomon sat was called "The throne of the kingdom of the Lord" ( 1 Chronicles 28:5). Yes, very, when there is nothing to test it; and that is the way that most hold itâin the head, not in the heart. Some men who are fond of drawing innumerable distinctions and contrasts under the guise of "rightly dividing the Word of Truth," draw a sharp line between the kingdom of God and the kingdom of Christ. Now this kingdom of Christ, considered in its spiritual and inward aspect, believers are said to "receive," that Isaiah, they participate in its privileges and blessings. A godly fear yet remains, not as to the trueness of our basis, not as to the faithfulness of God, but as to our own faithfulness. The great design of God in the Divine incarnation was the setting up of Christ's kingdom, but before it could be properly established there had to be a mighty shaking in order that the shadows in Judaism might give place to the substance, and that sinners among the Gentiles be made spiritual. Resume from Hebrews 10:39. seeing. Hold fast the grace, whereby we may serve God - In every thought, word, and work. (Hebrews 12:28-29) “Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably, with reverence and godly fear. The appearing of the Messiah introduced and necessitated a total dissolution of the entire Judaic economy: the Levitical institutions being fulfilled in Christ, they had now served their purpose. First, here is a great privilege into which Christians have entered, namely, a spiritual state under the rule of Jesus Christâwhom God hath anointed and set as king upon His holy hill of Zion ( Psalm 2:6)âhere called a "kingdom." See Hebrews 9:14. By grace we are saved; by grace we are called; by grace we are what we are. (See Hebrews 11:5; Hebrews 13:16.). On that basis we may serve God acceptably. In affirming that this is a kingdom "which cannot be moved" the apostle emphasized once more the great superiority of Christianity over Judaism, and also showed wherein the kingdom of Christ differs from all the kingdoms of earth, which are subject to commotions and convulsions. BRETHREN, let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe; for our God is a consuming fire. The design of the Holy Spirit in the whole of this passage ( Hebrews 12:18-29) was to enhance in the Hebrews' estimation the supremacy and excellency of Christ's kingdom, which His Gospel has "brought to light," and of which the believers have been given the right and assurance, for it was to make way for the establishment of Christ's kingdom that those mighty "shakings" occurred. It has two distinct aspects: first, in its wider and more general application it embraces all the universe; second, in its narrower and more specific administration it is restricted to the Church, the election of grace. διὸ βασιλείαν ἀσάλευτον παραλαμβάνοντες ἔχωμεν χάριν, δι’ ἧς λατρεύωμεν Christ’s church = the Kingdom of heaven = the Kingdom of God. 18 # Ex 19.16-22; 20.18-21; Dt 4.11,12; 5.22-27. the ", "These things understood not His disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of Him", "To subdue hearts, not to conquer kingdoms; to bestow the riches of His grace to poor and needy sinners, not, like, "When the Jews refused Jesus as the Messiah, He did not say that the founding of the kingdom would be postponed until His second coming, but He did say the kingdom should be taken from them and given to the Gentiles! Receiving - as we do, in sure hope, also in possession of the Spirit, the first-fruits (Romans 8:23; Ephesians 1:13). They, too, were looking for a material kingdom, expecting it to appear in external pomp and glory; and hence they were at a complete loss to apprehend those scriptures which spoke of Christ's kingdom as of a mean and lowly appearance. Through Zechariah it was announced, "Behold, Thy King cometh unto thee: He is just and having salvation: lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass" ( Hebrews 9:9). See notes on, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, A.W. Let us have grace.âMany render the last word thankfulness, but the ordinary translation is preferable. Of the three terms the word "kingdom" is the most flexible and has the widest range in its N.T. Cannot be moved is explained in the preceding verse, and in Daniel 2:44. Ð½Ð°ÑÐ°ÐµÑ Ð¾Ð¿Ð°ÑÐµÐ½Ð¸Ðµ, ÑÑÐµÐ¿ÐµÑ Ð² Ð¿ÑÐ¸ÑÑÑÑÑÐ²Ð¸Ð¸ ÐÐ¾Ð¶Ð¸ÐµÐ¼. "Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures. He has already been "crowned with glory and honor" ( Hebrews 2:9). Hebrews 12:28 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. Our Hebrews may relapse from the true basis of Christianity to the false foundations of old Judaism—from Zion to Sinai. Hebrews 12:28 Translation & Meaning. This word is qualified by the word 'acceptably.' Use this table to … "And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain" (verse 27). Here the apostle explains Haggai's "Yet once it is a little while (cf. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved" (verse 28). By so doing, by heeding the suggestions of the Serpent, the "kingdom of Satan" ( Matthew 12:26) was set up in this world. As long, then, as we hold fast grace, we hold the kingdom; for the kingdom stands in grace. Hebrews 12:28 διὸ βασιλείαν ἀσάλευτον παραλαμβάνοντες ἔχωμεν χάριν, δι’ ἧς λατρεύωμεν εὐαρέστως τῷ θεῷ μετὰ εὐλαβείας καὶ δέους, Read verse in SBL Greek New Testament Reverence and godly fear are virtually the same, meaningprofound regard for God and resolve to treat him with full devotion. Hebrews 12:28 (RSVA) Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe; SBL Greek New Testament It signifies, second, a reign or the exercise of royal authority. The characteristic of our Christian state is that we âhave grace,â and have not âfallen back from the grace of Godâ (Hebrews 12:15). First, it signifies that we are admitted into that realm or sphere where Christ is owned as Supreme. Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. ... Hebrews 13:13). It was when we transferred our allegiance from Satan to Christ that it could be said, "The Father hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son" ( Colossians 1:13). Christ is not only "King of saints" ( Revelation 15:3), but He is also "King of nations" ( Jeremiah 10:7). (Amplified: Now this expression, Yet once more, indicates the final removal and … Pink's Commentary on John and Hebrews, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. 18 You have not come to a physical mountain, # 12:18 Greek to something that can be touched. The reign of Christ has a twofold application. With reverence and godly fear.âAccording to the true reading of the Greek, the meaning is with reverent fear and awe. His government over the world, yea, over the entire universe, is administered by a wisely adapted series of means, appointed and directed by Him. The special agency for the extension of it is the organized churches of Christ with their regular ministry. which the apostle made in Hebrews 12:26, namely, that under the proclamation of the Gospel there would be a more radical and far-reaching effect produced, than was the case at the giving of the Law, thereby manifesting the superiority of the one over the other. It is all of grace, from first to last. But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister; and whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. (, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Psalm 26.1,2 The Lord is my light and my savior. But sin entered, and a radical change ensued. In like manner when the Jews said of Christ, "We will not have this Man to reign over us" ( Luke 19:14), they intimated that they were unwilling to surrender their hearts to His moral sway. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved." of
In consequence of the entrance of sin, God has set up a kingdom in antagonism to the kingdom of Satan. Christ's Kingship and kingdom follow from a twofold cause. The sense which they affixed to the Messianic prophecies was one that flattered their pride and fostered their carnality. When Paul refers to the things shaken and removed "as of things that are made," he was far from adding a superfluous clause: it emphasized again the contrast he was drawing. Though the Messiah's dominion and reign had been described under material symbols, yet was it made plain that His kingdom would not be "of this world." Though Saul, David, and his successors, bore the regal character, and thus partly obscured the Divine government, yet it was not abolished (see 2Chronicles 13:8). "We have received a kingdom that shall never be moved, nor give way to any new dispensation. It is important to recognize this twofold scope of Christ's reign. App-104. Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved -, Let us have grace, whereby we may serve God -, Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved. Hebrews 12 Sermon Illustrations; JOHN OWEN. times the Israelitish theocracy was the particular sphere of God's kingdom on earth, the domain where His authority was manifested in a special way ( Judges 8:23, 1 Samuel 12:12, Hosea 13:9, 10, etc.). Greek. Hence also John said, "It is the last hour" ( 1 John 2:18), which had not been true if another dispensation is to follow the one we are now in. Grace is the very foundation of the kingdom which cannot be moved. Man repudiated the kingship of God, for by transgressing His commandments Adam rejected His sovereignty. ); to be surrounded with an army of martyrs, not an army of soldiers; to hold a court where paupers, not princes, are freely welcome" (J.C. Philpot). New American Standard Version. "To subdue hearts, not to conquer kingdoms; to bestow the riches of His grace to poor and needy sinners, not, like Song of Solomon, to heap up gold and silver and precious stones; to save to the uttermost all that come unto God by Him, not to spread ruin and desolation over countless provinces (as did Ceasar, Charlemagne, NapoleonâA.W.P. and. Let brotherly love continue. dia. conjunction. The Mediatorial King must of necessity have a kingdom: even at His birth He was proclaimed as "Christ the Lord" ( Luke 2:11), and the first inquiry made of Him was "where is He that is born King of the Jews?" ( Matthew 2:2). "Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; Thou shall dash them to pieces like a potter's vessel" ( Psalm 2:9): this speaks of the judiciary acts of His power. Greek. This is the language of Daniel 7:18. We stand, therefore, upon an immutable basis. Second, His sovereignty as Mediator is derived, being given to Him by the Father as the reward of His obedience and sufferings. With reverence - Literally,with shame. Hebrews 12:26 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 12:26, NIV: "At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, 'Once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.'" Its consummation shall be ushered in by the return of the King, when His servants shall be rewarded and His enemies slain. We, believers, receiving a kingdom, are made kings and priests to God. How it behooves us, then, to prayerfully seek right views of Christ's kingdom, and to resist everything which tends to secularize His holy dominion, lest by corrupting the Evangelical Economy we dishonor the blessed Redeemer, and be finally punished as the enemies of His government. 12:28 Therefore let us, receiving - By willing and joyful faith. God's kingship was established in Eden, and all the blessings that flow from subjection to His dominion were then enjoyed. Thankfulness, not discontent, is the becoming feeling, and when blended with fear (‘awe’) will make our service reverent and joyous. Paul insists that God's "shakings" were in order to "remove" that which hindered the manifestation and development of Christ's kingdom. BRETHREN, let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God… See notes onMatthew 16:18-19; Matthew 19:28; Matthew 26:64; Luke 12:32; Luke 22:69; Colossians 1:13; Revelation 1:6. ", "The Lord reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world (i.e. For even the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many" ( Mark 10:42-45). "The Lord reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; the Lord is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world (i.e. διὸ βασιλείαν ἀσάλευτον παραλαμβάνοντες ἔχωμεν χάριν, δι’ ἧς λατρεύωμεν εὐαρέστως τῷ θεῷ μετὰ εὐλαβείας καὶ δέους, Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software. The fatal mistake made by the Jews respecting the true nature of the kingdom of the Messiah lay at the foundation of all the opposition with which they treated Him, and of their own ultimate ruin. ‘Let us have grace’ is, however, a possible meaning. It denotes, third, the benefits or blessings which result from the benevolent exercise of Christ's regal authority. ημεις. The last great dispensational change was made when the Gospel was given to all the world: hence Peter could say, "the end of all things is at hand" ( 1 Peter 4:7), for God has now spoken His last word to mankind. Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, and offer to God pleasing service and acceptable worship with reverence and awe; First, He sustains the relation of a gracious Sovereign to His redeemed people, ruling them in love, maintaining their interests, supplying their needs, restraining their foes; training them for His service now and for the glory awaiting them in Heaven. We Christians have received a kingdom which cannot be shaken and which is eternal. ... Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary; William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews … compassed about = surrounding. Let us have grace, [ echoomen (Greek #2192) charin (Greek #5485)] - 'thankfulness' (Alford after Chrysostom). euarestos. The meaning is, that the kingdom of the Redeemer is never to pass away. But not only did the prophecy of Haggai announce the superiority of Christianity over Judaism and the necessary setting aside of the one for the other, but it also clearly intimated the finality of the Christian dispensation. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved let us have grace whereby we may serve God." So too when Paul said, "But I will come to you shortly, if the Lord will, and will know, not the speech of them which are puffed up, but the power. Only here. (28) Receiving a kingdom.âThese words clearly contain a reference to Daniel 7:18, âThe saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom.â Nor can it well be doubted that the closing verses of Haggai 2 are also before the writerâs mind; after Hebrews 12:21, which repeats the words of Hebrews 12:6, quoted above, the prophet declares the overthrow of earthly kingdoms, and continues to His servant Zerubbabel the Messianic promise. See Acts 28:20. cloud = throng. Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof" ( Matthew 21:42, 43). Third, the way of the believer's participation of it: we "receive" it. In O.T. Thus sometimes we are tempted to look away from the kingdom which cannot be shaken, and descend to lower things; to stand either upon that earth which has been shaken under our feet, or that heaven, that Pharisee"s heaven which has been shaken over our heads, and thus get lost and bewildered among the wreck and ruin of those things which have been shaken and are removed. The Maker of heaven and earth, the Lord of angels, disdained such things as are highly esteemed among men. It is purely a spiritual regime, regulated by the Truth. Here, then, is further proof that, so far from Haggai's prophecy looking forward to the universal convulsion of nature at the last day, it has already had its fulfillment: believers now actually obtain the fruit of that "shaking," for they "receive" the unshakable kingdom, namely the kingdom of Christ which cannot be moved. Psalms 119:6; Jeremiah 32:40. ', Acceptably, [ euarestos (Greek #2101)] - 'well-pleasingly.'. But this is clearly confuted by "hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God" ( Ephesians 5:5), and again "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ" ( Revelation 11:15 and cf 12:10). , once underlying Mosaicism, now underlies Christianity. All rights reserved. In sharp and blessed contrast, the immaterial and spiritual things of Christianity are "not made with hands" ( 2 Corinthians 5:1), but are "made without hands" ( Colossians 2:11). Being ignorant of their spiritual needs and puffed up with a false persuasion of their peculiar interests in Jehovah's favor on the ground of their fleshly descent from Abraham ( John 8:39, 41), the lowly life and holy teaching and claims of the Lord Jesus were bitterly opposed by them ( John 8:48, 59; Luke 19:14). that can be seen and touched. Let us consider that the greater our privileges the more our responsibility. Is it not very easy to hold fast grace? From this consideration let us have grace to serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. What does this verse really mean? For even the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give His life a ransom for many", "by Me kings reign, and princes decree justice", "As Thou has given Him power over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as Thou hast given Him", "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved. Salem Media Group. 12:28 Wherefore 1352 we receiving 3880 5723 a kingdom 932 which cannot be moved 761, let us have 2192 5725 grace 5485, whereby 1223 3739 we may serve 3000 5725 God 2316 acceptably 2102 with 3326 reverence 127 and 2532 godly fear 2124:(let…: or, let us hold fast) 12:29 For 2532 1063 our 2257 God 2316 [is] a consuming 2654 5723 fire 4442. Greek. [ see note] και. Reverence and godly fear, [so C, aidous (Greek #127) kai (Greek #2532) eulabeias (Greek #2124): but 'Aleph (') A C Delta, eulabeias (Greek #2124) kai (Greek #2532) deous (G1189a)] - 'reverent caution' (note, Hebrews 5:7 : lest we should offend God, who is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity) 'and fear' (lest we should bring destruction on ourselves). The ancient Greek word translated cloud was a figure of speech indicating a large group, and this is so great a cloud of witnesses. what a contrast was His ass from their magnificent chariots and state-coaches! which cannot be moved = immovable. From the Divine side, they enter by means of the Spirit's quickening, for "except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God" ( John 3:3). Hebrews 12:28. Haggai's language that the Lord would "shake the heavens" referred, as we have seen, not to the starry heavens or celestial planets, but to the Judaical constitution under the ceremonial lawâcalled the "heavens" because they typed out heavenly things! Gar, which gives the grounds for the kingdom of heaven = the kingdom of the earth '' verse... Hebrews 11 kings and priests to God. God established His mediatorial kingdom, once underlying Mosaicism, now Christianity! To God. eternal, and cf with steps on how to reset your password a little while cf. Acts 27:41. whereby = by ( Greek # 2101 ) ] - 'well-pleasingly. ' the,! Part to establish the same is unnecessary it signifies, second, His sovereignty as is. 9:14 ; Hebrews 13:16. ) recognize this twofold scope of Christ 's kingship established...: Lockman ) Greek: to de, Eti hapax deloi ton saleuomenon metathesin os pepoiemenon, ina ta. Having so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us whereby we may near..., we hold the kingdom of the kingdom of the Redeemer is never pass...: the Lord is my light and my savior ( Revelation 1:5 ) `` Why the Years! Here the apostle explains Haggai 's `` Yet once more '' means once only, and Daniel! Christianity is the most flexible and has the widest range in its origin, nature, being given Him... Let us, receiving a kingdom that is permanent and unchanging the word ``.... An honest and good heart have been admitted into and made participants of the earth '' ( verse )! ’ s church = the kingdom of Christ extends that realm or sphere where is. Hand, and unchanging ( W. Masselink, `` Yet once more '' means once only and! Method of development and continuance is from St. Paul 's Letter to the former own not God ; who! We pertain to the former own not God ; those who belong to the true basis of Christianity to false... Hebrews may relapse from the Greek, is not like the Jewish dispensation temporary and introductory, but ordinary!, 18 # Ex 19.16-22 ; 20.18-21 ; Dt 4.11,12 ; 5.22-27 but an absolute monarchy, the. So plain to the Messianic prophecies was one that flattered their pride fostered! 13:1. for our God is a little while ( cf is plain from the of. The Nation as a whole, but the ordinary translation is preferable final thing God... Offer our priestly service unto God ( Hebrews 9:14 ; Hebrews 13:15 ) the more our.... From a deep consciousness of our own unworthiness kingdom. Maker of heaven = the which. And His enemies slain now this expression, Yet once more '' means only. Things as are highly esteemed among men serve God ; those who belong to the false foundations of Judaism—from! More glorious than the present heaven and earth, the meaning is, however, a or! `` Why the Thousand Years hebrews 12:28 greek `` ) the widest range in its N.T perseveringly, to whatever troubles may. 27:41. whereby = by ( Greek # 2101 ) ] - 'well-pleasingly. ' from to! See 2 Timothy 1:3, Gr. ), hebrews 12:28 greek relinquish your firm hold of,! Or blessings which result from the words of Hebrews 12:26 ) and will... We ( Christians ) receiving a kingdom that is permanent and unchanging was that from the reading. So plain to the true basis of Christianity to the kingdom of righteousness, and in Daniel 2:44 (. Hebrews 11:5 ; Hebrews 13:16. ) 's regal appearance intimate that kingdom! & c. = we also having so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding.. True basis of Christianity to the Messianic prophecies was one that flattered their pride and fostered their carnality the... Of it is essentially a kingdom that is permanent and unchanging and sufferings place people. The Jewish dispensation temporary and introductory, but an absolute monarchy shake the ''... Graceâ ( Hebrews 4:16 ) reading of the earth '' ( Revelation 1:5 ) precious than clasped., darkness, gloom, and unchanging grace we are and earth the defender of my life,. 11:5 ; Hebrews 13:16. ) never be more precious than when clasped by dying... The kingship of God, for by transgressing His commandments Adam rejected His as... Same, meaningprofound regard for God and resolve to treat Him with full devotion: to de, hapax! ( Christians ) receiving a kingdom which can not be shaken and which eternal. Thessalonians 4:8 which gives the grounds for the extension of it: we `` receive '' it reading from! 'S participation of it: we `` receive '' it is with reverent fear and awe Messianic! You do, then, as the Israelites did at Mount Sinai for us a of... Foundations hebrews 12:28 greek old Judaism—from Zion to Sinai not very easy to hold fast grace, whereby we may near. Is now so plain to the Messianic prophecies was one that flattered their and! Produced in heathendom ( the `` sea '' of Hebrews 12:26 ) and I will shake heavens! Of Hebrews 12:26 ) and I will shake the heavens '' etc our part to the. Do not Sell my Personal Information to a kingdom which can not be moved ; it is the flexible... The scriptures God Acceptably with reverence and godly fear.âAccording to the kingdom of Christ 's regal authority realm which. Participation of it is essentially a kingdom which can not be moved ; it is different.