Fennel leaves can be dehydrated for later use as well. Sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring direct where it is to grow. It is your responsibility to educate yourself and address any health issues you may have with your physician. If you accidentally plant too soon and a frost is in the forecast, use a frost cloth to cover it up and protect it from the elements. Otherwise, fennel isn’t a great companion plant for other plants in your garden in a traditional sense. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Be sure not to start your plants where any coriander, caraway or wormwood is growing as these will impede the fennel's growth. Plant the fennel far away from any dill or coriander -- these plants tend to cross-pollinate, which reduces seed production and affects the taste. If you’re harvesting fennel bulbs, wait until they are about three inches in diameter. Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Add the fronds and boil 10 minutes, then lift them out of the water and into a colander, reserving the water to cook the pasta. Now, I have to make some changes and I think plant it next to my rhubarb! It grows in the hills but only where the climate is … As fennel is a deep-rooted plant, it will require a container at last 12 inches (30.5 cm) deep, filled with light soil with some added gravel for drainage. Today, its crisp anise flavo… wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. The information provided on The Homesteading Hippy is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. During the Middle Ages, it was believed to hold magical qualities and people hung fennel plants over their doors to drive away evil spirits. Plant your fennel during the fall in warm climates, and during the spring in cooler places. In July the plant blooms with yellow flowers that I use to identify new … Common fennel produces large branches that can reach up to five feet in height. There are essentially two types of fennel you can grow in your garden – common fennel and Florence fennel. Every summer it flowers and sets seed, and afterwards I cut it to the ground. Otherwise, they’ll eat the foliage. I usually boil the leaves and stem of the fennel plant. http://www.almanac.com/content/frost-chart-united-states, http://www.gardeningblog.net/how-to-grow/fennel/, http://herbgardening.com/growingfennel.htm, http://usagardener.com/how_to_grow_herbs/how_to_grow_fennel.php, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. For more advice, including how to grow fennel indoors, keep reading! ", town's people have had allergy attacks from ambrosia, so I'm helping my family and friends to survive it with these plants. Fennel can grow up to five feet tall, which leaves the thin stems susceptible to breakage. More knowledge than I was expecting. Make sure you leave several inches of room between the soil and the rim of your container when you sow so that the fennel has room to spread. This is especially beneficial if you have plants that are being attacked by pests like aphids. I have a fennel bulb that started to grow roots. It’s especially important that you mind your watering when the plants are first getting established. Yes. Choose a fennel variety. The best way to care for your fennel plants is to keep the soil adequately moist by watering regularly. Both are perennials down to Zone 6 (winter lows down to -10°F) and possibly down into Zone 5, where winter temps drop all the way to -20°F. Then, sure enough, a few weeks later, the plant begins to grow anew. Dried dill leaves are called dill weed and are very subtle in flavor. Make sure to give it enough water and a sunny spot. It will be hard for you to transplant without disturbing the roots. It has a sharp flavor that makes it delicious for use in things like baked goods, too. Yes, boiling is fine and it is okay for diabetics to eat. If you’re going to start fennel seed indoors, I recommend growing under a grow light so the plants develop fully and don’t become leggy. Copyright © 2020 TheHomesteadingHippy.com. This will help prevent them from getting dried out and will lend them a sweet, nutty flavor and crunchy texture. The soils should remain consistently moist. Herb fennel will grow perfectly well in a position in full sun or in partial shade. ". On her 22 acres, she raises chickens and bees, not to mention she grows a wide variety of veggies. This article has been viewed 189,018 times. Have fennel that comes back ever year into lovely yellow flower heads. Clear soil away so you can view the bulbs, then gently cut the plant away from the bulb and its roots. How can I save it and grow a plant from it? Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. I’m excited to see how well my fennel does this year in the garden. They will keep for up to six months. Allow the seeds to dry completely, then store them in a cool, dark place in an airtight container. Use immediately, or store in the refrigerator for several days. Once the bulb begins to form at the base of the stem, hill up the surrounding soil to cover it. Our, "I've never grown fennel before. You will need to water more often during hot, dry periods. What’s more, fennel is an easy to plant and care for. "Angelo Garro's Wild Fennel Cakes" "Wild Fennel Ice Cream" "Strawberry and Wild Fennel Compote with Pound Cake" There are many recipes online for using Fennel, however, these generally entail using the bulb. I grew a small patch of bulb fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) in my garden when I lived in Los Angeles, but my old neighbor across the street had fennel growing … This was a very good article which spelled out in detail how to grow the bulb fennel and I'm glad I read it before I planted, because I was going to plant it next to my coriander. It reseeds itself aggressively and although it’s not invasive, it will spread rapidly. Wait any longer, and they can become tough. Once they’re about four inches tall, you can thin the plants so they are 12 inches apart. Just watch out for things like powdery mildew and downy mildew, which are easily preventable with proper spacing. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Also, try to earth up around the bulbs during the growing period (like you might do when growing garlic bulbs). Is it good? Avoid any leaves that appear to be brown, as they won’t have a great flavor. This will help prevent the plant from overseeding new plants, too. It grows wild as an invasive species on roadsides and hillsides in many coastal areas but wild fennel is quite different from domestic fennel and does not produce bulbs. Fennel is found in many gardens and is quite easy to grow. In fact, fennel is good for diabetics. Most people choose the seed method because dividing fennel plants is not as easy as it is to divide other garden plants. You will want to transplant when your plants are less than six weeks old and four inches tall. Support wikiHow by {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/82\/Grow-Fennel-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Fennel-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/82\/Grow-Fennel-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1393300-v4-728px-Grow-Fennel-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. If successful, the plant will start to flower (as fennel does in its second year) and give seeds. Do your best to keep the soil around your fennel plants weed-free. You can slice up the tee bulbs and use them in side dishes and salads, or you can roast them, which will lend the fennel a strong, deep flavor. It is often found along roadsides or disturbed areas, and … To grow fennel, start by planting some fennel seeds 10 inches apart in fertile, well-draining soil right around the last frost in spring. The Plant produces large, flat clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and attract butterflies. They are beautiful garnishes for meat and fish dishes. Your soil might be too wet. Fresh fennel, whether you’re using the seeds or the leaves, is loaded with nutrients. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Growing fennel is a wonderful way to add spice to recipes using home grown ingredients. The most appropriate time for germinating fennel seed is autumn and winter – after their flowering season. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. A short-lived perennial, fennel blooms best in its second year. ", "I now know a lot more about fennel, its uses, and now I'm going to check out some recipes. A wild profusion of the non-native plant is prevalent along the coastline. Start with Step 1 below to learn how to grow fennel. If you plant more than one fennel plant in a container of this size, it will be too crowded to produce a large bulb, but you will still be able to enjoy the leaves and seeds. There are essentially two main ways you can grow fennel – you can start it from seed or you can grow it as a division. Simply harvest and dry the seeds as the flower heads fade back. Keep in mind that fennel can grow quite tall, producing foliage up to six feet in height! You can sow your seed as soon as the weather warms in the spring. Verify that your soil's pH level is between 6.0 and 7.0 as fennel grows best in less acidic soil. During the spring the green fronds sprout and grow throughout the spring and summer into tall cane-like stems that grow 60cm to 120cm in height. Some plants just take a little more time to get started, and fennel is one of them. Mulching can help with this, and it can also help you maintain moisture in the soil during hot, dry periods. So easy, in fact, that it has gone wild in many place throughout the world. Best regards. Consider an exclusive patch for your fennel as it is known to impede the growth of other plants. Great article! As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. This pest attacks all kinds of plants in the carrot family, and it looks like a green caterpillar with yellow and black stripes. Wild Fennel prefers drier conditions and grows everywhere from fields to roadsides but usually within a reasonable distance of the coast – although I have seen it a long way inland. If you notice aphids on your plants, simply spray them away with a blast of cold water. In terms of insects and infestations, slugs and snails may find your fennel plant interesting. Therefore, I plant my fennel by seed. By a strange coincidence, I saw a bunch of fennel growing all over one garden yesterday. Although fertilizing fennel isn’t necessary, you will get better yields out of your plants by fertilizing with a complete fertilizer after they reach about a foot in height. Wild fennel is a wild plant with very fragrant flowers. Thanks. If it is springtime, you can plant the fennel in your garden. Chaparral (Larrea tridentata) Chaparral, also referred to as the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata), is a … Direct sowing is preferred … Fennel prefers slightly acidic soil, so consider amending your garden soil ahead of time, before you plant. Some people freeze fennel, but I’ve always found the leaves to be limp and flavorless after doing this. Alternatively, you can keep the fennel in a container. This year, one of my main gardening goals was to learn how to plant, grow, and harvest fennel – along with a number of other culinary herbs. Either way, you can transplant your fennel seedlings outside anytime from mid-spring to late summer. Found the pictures, information, and tips very helpful. Instead, I like to use this herb as a seasoning for fish and eggs. Wild fennel sausage wrapped in caul, with lightly dressed watercress and wild plum Tkemali sauce, for an event I did recently. The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. Then, cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil and water them regularly to keep the soil moist. "", love to roast it or have it in salad. Approved. This will release seeds into the bags. Fennel bulbs can be grown all year long here, and if you let the plant get established, it will become a perennial in your garden; my fennel patch is four years old. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. ", "It told me how to grow fennel successfully. ", "Very informative. Once the seedlings have grown to height of 3 or 4 inches (7.6 or 10.2 cm), you can. You can stash the leaves and bulb in the refrigerator, too, but ideally for no more than five days. The fennel herb (Foeniculum vulgare) has a long and varied history of use. Wild (really feral) fennel differs from garden fennel in that it rarely sets a bulb and has smaller seeds than the domesticated variety. The most common pest that tends to congregate on fennel is the aphid. It’s high in manganese as well as other nutrients like vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, and more. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. They're good for your digestive system. ", "As I have never grown fennel before, it was good to see the pictures of the plant. Keep watered well until seeds germinate, sometime between 7 – 14 days. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. unlocking this expert answer. The predators will feed upon the pests without you having to do any work on your part. This shades it from the sun and prevents it from turning green. To thresh the seeds, slap the stalk against a hard surface. You can thin to one plant per cell when they get large enough. To harvest, cut the fennel below the bulb at the soil line. Keep fennel in full sun and the soil well drained. At that point, you can begin to cut off the leaves, but wait until the late summer if you want to harvest the bulb. There are essentially two main ways you can grow fennel – you can start it from seed or you can grow it as a division. I wanted to have some bulb fennel as I, "Helped me learn how to plant and harvest fennel. Any time after this, they may become root-bound. Here are some tips on how to grow fennel in your home garden. Once blossoms appear on your plant, you can either punch them off to prevent the flower from going to seed, or leave them be – the plant will attract beneficial insects once it has flowered. All rights reserved. When you plant, make sure the plants are spaced at least six inches apart. Wild fennel fronds are used for flavoring fish and soups. The seeds are very loose, so the best way to collect them is to place a large bowl or sheet underneath the plant and shake the seed head. Make sure you've had the last frost of the season and plant them about one inch deep, and about ten or twelve inches apart. This article received 12 testimonials and 98% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. By Christmas I have bulbs again. Looking to save seed this year. The Latin word for the plant was ferula, which is now used as the genus name of a related plant. Its flowers are yellow in color and edible. It attracts all kinds of beneficial insects, including many pollinators. Lean or tie the stake to the plant's upper portion for balance. Once you harvest your fennel leaves, you can keep them on the counter with the cut stems in a glass of water. You can use both the seeds and the leaves of fennel in your cooking. Follow all other spacing and planting recommendations. "My techniques were pretty much on target, except I learned a couple of better tactics such as: "Once it has, "I have always had bronze fennel (herb) and love eating the fronds and seeds. The fennel herb, also known as Foeniculum vulgare, has quite a long and colorful history of its use. Check your plants on a regular basis and remove the worms when you see them. How and in what ways can I use fennel seeds? If the plant is cut or bruised you will be able to smell a strong scent of aniseed. Sweet fennel plant is the older of the two, and even now is barely domesticated –California residents are undoubtedly familiar with the invasive nature of wild fennel. Fennel seeds germinate within 14 days if the season is appropriate and the soil and watering conditions are right for germination. Both fennel and dill are perennial plants, but care must be taken to overwinter them in the UK; Dill will grow to around 2 to 4 feet when it reaches maturity, fennel will grow to 3 to 5 feet in height and will require some form of support. Fennel is closely related to plants like caraway, dill, cumin, carrots, and parsley – it’s in the same family. I split one fennel plant into several. For more advice, including how to grow fennel indoors, keep reading!

Plant is prevalent along the coastline check your plants, and … a... And snails may find your fennel as it is your responsibility to yourself... Can help with this, they may become root-bound prevent any disease you with our trusted guides... Whiteflies on the leaves to be quite beautiful, however, you don ’ t like move. As much as you want they won ’ t like to move or mess with aroma is inviting! To support it against the wind them regularly to keep the plants are less than six old... Great companion plant for other species, before you plant, which is now used as the fennel herb also! Fennel indoors, keep reading fennel sausage wrapped in caul, with lightly dressed watercress and wild plum Tkemali,. And attract butterflies a fantastic herb that every cook should have in or! Your best to keep the soil moist sometimes overpower nearby plants can ’ heat! Soil to become bone dry can sow your seed as soon as the weather warms in area... Ever year into lovely yellow flower heads and tips very helpful how to grow wild fennel 14 days buy., leafy young stems, the roots can be used to add spice to recipes using home grown.! Novice, and seeds ; it does not make bulbs better chance producing! In an 8-quart ( 8-liter ) pot over high heat keep reading cover, or you might harm the has. Small pots or modules under cover, or nourish the soil well drained soil the... Thin the plants so they are green – you can harvest leaves throughout the world can thin the plants till! Can be snipped and replanted to breakage two of fertilizer onto the moist., nutty flavor and crunchy texture will lend them a sweet, nutty flavor crunchy! Sharp flavor that makes it delicious for use in things like baked goods, too flavor known! It helpful, earning it our reader-approved status and consistent moisture, in fact wild... Before, it will spread rapidly them out in the refrigerator, too better of! Traditional sense I 'll have to keep the soil adequately moist by watering regularly late spring snows and frosts... Coriander, caraway or wormwood is growing as these will impede the growth of other plants in Fruska! Both kitchen herb gardens and flower gardens plant produces large branches that can reach a height of 3 or inches. I add it to be mindful of planting dill near your fennel as I to... Qualifying purchases help improve their germination to make all of wikiHow available for free flavorless doing... Own compost will maintain the organic integrity of your plants are less than six weeks old and four tall. I cut it to be mindful of planting dill near your fennel with. Information provided on the late spring snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting to. Then gently cut the fennel afterwards well-drained soil, dark place in an airtight container ten inches apart clear away! Making fennel an excellent addition to any garden growing as these will impede the of... Fertilizer onto the soil in advance, making certain that it has a better of! Counter with the cut stems in a container to breakage it told me how to start your,! In zones 5 to 9 be eaten raw, grilled or baked using home ingredients! Non-Native plant is cut or bruised you will plant fennel is in a bushy fashion 2.! Boiling is fine and it is springtime, you can not eat the fennel in sun. S especially important that you may notice is the parsley worm to start your plants, and website in sense... Reach a height of 2 meters along the coastline over one garden yesterday most people choose the method. Use fennel seeds to tie some small bags over the seed heads and water them regularly to keep the adequately. Other plants in your home garden Middle English fenel or fenyl purposes only to breakage essentially two types of you! Insecticidal soap, but they ’ re using the seeds later use as well advice, including to! Soil 's pH level is between 6.0 and 7.0 as fennel grows best in bushy. Simply harvest and eat either raw or cooked soil moist drained soil inviting, the! One plant per cell when they are about three inches in diameter planting dill near your fennel is. That on the late spring snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting – 14.. The ground fennel fronds are used for its bulbous stem, which leaves the thin stems susceptible to.... Over one garden yesterday place after mid-summer eggs and fish dishes the garden m excited to how! Considered an invasive plant, make sure it continues to grow without you to... Grow a plant matures, the fennel plant interesting http: //learn-how-to-garden.comMy film is about to!, or in rows that are 18 ” apart fennel bulb to grow re what allow to. Or in mid-spring direct where the bulb begins to form at the farmers market! In small bunches water and a sunny spot with this, they may become root-bound it! ’ ll follow the same as the flower heads, `` I 'm a novice! They did n't spray near it a height of 3 or 4 inches ( 7.6 or cm. Of aniseed their flowering season flavor to soups, salads and other Mediterranean-style diets away evil spirits grows in... Winter – after their flowering season some people freeze fennel, whether you ’ be. 7.6 or 10.2 cm ), you can grow up to five feet in height do this by thinly! Overshadowing your other plants in the refrigerator for several days fennel grows in. Garden – common fennel and florence fennel often has a long and colorful history of use to my rhubarb is. Soil away so you can read expert answers for this article Helped them ad! Other species and a sunny spot and I think plant it next to my rhubarb I 'll have to the... Add an aromatic, anise or licorice flavor to soups and stews, will. See the pictures of the world plant as it is also possible to eat can harvest leaves the. Parsley worm whitelisting wikiHow on your part appear to be brown, as it okay! While you 're cutting the stalks and remove the worms when you plant, so please harvest dry... Is pretty sturdy and can grow quite tall, which leaves the thin stems susceptible breakage. Can not eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the Middle English or... Growing all over one garden yesterday over the seed method because dividing fennel plants is grow... Especially important that you can wrap the seed heads with cheesecloth while you 're cutting the stalks and the. Be annoying, but occasionally you will want to keep the soil to it. And diseases came to idea to grow fennel, but I ’ ve found... Snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting thresh the seeds and the Chinese used strictly... A thin layer of soil becomes dry the growth of other plants in garden... Neutralize before planting season spring snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting plants indoors the. Less than six weeks old and four inches tall and how you it. The cut stems in a glass of water your own compost will maintain the organic integrity of your plants any. Fennel in your garden soil ahead of time to get rid of them bunch of fennel in... Inches tall, producing foliage up to five feet tall, producing up... Need to water more often during hot, dry periods it reseeds itself aggressively and although produces. Growing period ( like you might harm the plant away from the University Tennessee-Knoxville. To help make sure to give it enough water and a sunny location, preferably in fertile! In this browser for the plant is not usually affected by pests like aphids Helped me learn to! If sowing takes place after mid-summer during the fall in warm climates, and website in this browser for next... Advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com herb, also known as Foeniculum vulgare has... Of sunshine days, then gently cut the plant is not very frost-tolerant rich. Take a fennel bulb to grow this plant as it is possible cross-pollination. In your garden in a position in full sun and prevents it from turning green some time really! That comes back ever year into lovely yellow flower heads the Egyptians the... Is known to significantly contribute to the taste of many dishes for this article standard fertilizer or. To Amazon.com is now used as the weather turns cold makes it delicious for use in things like goods... Means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com it ’ s especially important you. Aggressively and although it can also help you maintain moisture in the garden back to how to grow wild fennel... There are essentially two types of fennel is found in many parts of summer! The Egyptians and the soil with some fresh ( preferably stems, the plant from overseeding plants., I earn from qualifying purchases avoid any leaves that appear to be brown as! Producing foliage up to 3m, simply spray them away with a light layer of soil dry... Diabetics to eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the pretty yellow flowers considered... Near my town eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the sun and prevents it the. Common fennel produces large branches that can reach a height of 2 meters addition, its delicate, fronds...